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Phrasal Vebs (Most Common) Verbos mas comunes

Most Common phrasel verbs

Phrasal verb is the name given to an Englishh verb which is composed of two or three words.
One verb is combined with a preposition (like on, in, under) or an adverb (like up, down, away). Sometimes a phrasal verb can have a meaning that is very different to the meaning of at least one of those two or three words separately.

Te recomiendo los siguientes phrasal verbs pues son muy comunes. Los phrasal verbs son muchos y lo mejor es aprenderlos de a pocos. Si tienen preguntas dejar comentarios.

eat out (no object): have a meal in a restaurant.
"I'm too tired to cook tonight. Why don't we eat out?"

egg on (separable): urge / encourage greatly toward doing something (usually something negative).
"At first Bob and Chuck were just having a mild argument, but Bob's friends egged them on until they started fighting."
end up (1. no object): finally arrive at; arrive at an unexpected place.
"We got lost last night and ended up in the next town."

end up (2. no object): arrive somewhere as a result or consequence.
"You're working too hard. If you don't take it easy, you'll end up in the hospital!"

face up to (inseparable): admit to; take responsibility for.
"You can't pretend that you're doing OK in this course, Joe. Sooner or later, you'll have to face up to the fact that you're failing it."
fall through (no object): not happen. (Note: describes something that was planned but didn't happen.)
"We had originally intended to go to Mexico for our vacation, but our trip fell through when I got sick."

feel up to (inseparable): feel strong enough or comfortable enough to do something.
"I know the accident was a terrible shock. Do you feel up to talking about it?"
figure out (1. separable): logically find the answer to a problem; solve a problem by thinking about it carefully.
"For a long time I couldn't understand the last problem, but I finally figured it out."

figure out (2. separable): understand why someone behaves the way she/he does.
"I can't figure Margie out. Sometimes she's very warm and friendly and sometimes she acts as if she doesn't know me."

fill in (1. separable): add information to a form.
"The office needs to know your home address and phone number. Could you fill them in on this form?"

fill in (on) (2. separable): supply information that someone doesn't know.
"I wasn't able to attend the meeting yesterday, but I understand that it was important. Could you fill me in? / Could you fill me in on what was discussed?"

fill in for (inseparable): temporarily do someone else's work; temporarily substitute for another person.
"Professor Newton is in the hospital and won't be able to teach for the rest of the term. Do you know who's going to fill in for her?"

fill out (1. separable): complete a form by adding required information.
"Of course I completed my application! I filled it out and mailed it over three weeks ago!"

fill out (2. no object): become less thin; gain weight.
"Jerry used to be really skinny, but in the last year he's begun to fill out."

find out (about) (inseparable): learn / get information (about).
"I'm sorry that you didn't know the meeting had been canceled. I didn't find out (find out about it) myself until just a few minutes ago."

get across (separable): make something understood; communicate something understandably.
"Alan is really intelligent but sometimes he has problems getting his ideas across."
get along (with) (inseparable): have a friendly relationship (with); be friendly (toward).
"Why can't you and your sister get along? Everyone else gets along with her just fine!"
get around (1. inseparable): avoid having to do something.
"Teresa got around the required math classes by doing well on a math proficiency test."
get around (2. no object): move from place to place.
"She doesn't have a car. She gets around by bicycle, bus, or taxi."

get around to (inseparable): do something eventually.
"I really should wash the dishes, but I don't feel like it. Maybe I'll get around to them tomorrow morning."
get by (no object): survive, financially, in a difficult situation.
"It's going to be hard to pay the rent now that you've lost your job, but somehow we'll get by."

get in (1. inseparable): enter a small, closed vehicle.
"I don't know where Carole was going. She just got in her car and drove away."
get in (2. no object): arrive.
"Do you know what time Fred's plane gets in?"

get off (1. inseparable): leave a large, closed vehicle.
"When you get off the bus, cross the street, turn right on Oak Street, and keep going until you're at the corner of Oak and Lincoln Boulevard."

get off (2. separable): be excused (for a period of time) from work, class, or other regularly scheduled activities.
"Some schools got President's Day off but ours didn't. We had classes as usual."
get off (3. separable): make it possible for someone to avoid punishment.
"Everyone knew he was guilty, but his lawyer was clever and got him off."

get out of (1. inseparable): leave a small, closed vehicle.
"There's something wrong with the garage door opener. You'll have to get out of the car and open it by hand."

get out of (2. inseparable): escape having to do something.
"Lisa said she had a terrible headache and got out of giving her speech today."

get over (1. no object): finish. (Note: for individual activities, not ones that happen again and again.)
"What time do your classes get over?"
get over (2. inseparable): recover from an illness or painful experience.
"Katy was really upset when she failed the test. She thought she would never get over feeling so stupid."
get rid of (1. inseparable): dispose of; give away or throw away.
"That shirt is really ugly. Why don't you get rid of it?"
get rid of (2. inseparable): dismiss someone; fire someone from a job; cause someone to leave.
"The treasurer of the XYZ company was spending too much money so the company president got rid of him."

get up (usually no object; with an object, separable): leave bed after sleeping and begin your daily activities.
"You'll have to get up much earlier than usual tomorrow. We have to leave by no later than 6:00 AM."
"I know I won't hear the alarm tomorrow morning. Can you get me up at 6:00 AM?"

give up (1. separable): stop doing something (usually a habit).
"He knows smoking isn't good for his health, but he can't give it up."

give up (2. no object): decide not to try (unsuccessfully) to solve a problem.
A: "What's black and white and red all over?"B: "I give up. What?"A: "An embarrassed zebra!"

go out with (inseparable): have a date with.
"You went out with Sharon last night, didn't you?"

go with (1. no object): look pleasing together. (Note: for clothes, furniture, etc.)
"You should buy that shirt. It will go well with your dark brown suit."

go with (2. no object): date regularly and steadily.
"Is Gina going with Jim? I see them together all the time."

goof off (no object): be lazy; do nothing in particular.
A: "Do you have any special plans for your vacation?"B: "No. I'm just going to stay home and goof off."
grow up (1. no object): spend the years between being a child and being an adult.
"Did you know that Frank grew up in Malaysia?"
grow up (2. no object): behave responsibly; behave as an adult, not a child.
A: "Lee really irritates me sometimes. He's really silly and childish."

hand in (separable): submit homework, an assignment, etc.
"You'd better get started on your report. You know that you have to hand it in at 8:30 tomorrow morning!"

hand out (separable): distribute.
"Why don't you have a course description and list of assignments? The teacher handed them out on the first day of class."

hang up (no object): end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver.
"I'd like to talk longer, but I'd better hang up. My sister needs to make a call."
have to do with (inseparable): be about.
"This class has to do with the behavior of people in groups."

hold up (1. separable): raise; lift to a higher-than-normal position.
"The winner of the race proudly held his trophy up for all to see."

hold up (2. separable): delay.
"I'm sorry I'm late. There was an accident on the freeway and traffic held me up."
hold up (3. separable): rob; threaten someone with harm unless he/she gives her/his money or other valuable things.
"Sarah is very upset. When she was walking home last night, two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry."

iron out (separable): mutually reach an agreement; mutually resolve difficulties
"Yes, I know we disagree on lots of things, Susan, but we can iron them out."

jack up (1. separable): raise / life by using a jack.
"We'll have to jack the back of the car up before we can change the tire."

jack up (2. separable): raise (used for prices).
"The car dealer bought my old Ford for $750 and jacked the price up to $1,500 when they sold it."

jump all over (inseparable): severely scold someone; berate someone.
"Arthur is really upset. His boss jumped all over him because he's been late for work three times this week."

keep on (1. inseparable--followed by an -ing verb): continue
"I'm not ready to stop yet. I think I'll keep on working for a while."

keep on (someone) (2. inseparable): continue to remind someone to do something until he/she does it (even if this irritates her/him).
"Bill's very forgetful. You'll have to keep on him or he'll never do all the things you want him to do."

kick out (separable): expel; force someone to leave because of his/her poor performance or unacceptable behavior.
"Jim's club kicked him out because he didn't pay his dues or come to meetings."

knock out (separable): make unconscious.
"The boxing match ended when one boxer knocked the other one out."
"That medicine really knocked me out. I slept for 14 hours straight!"

knock oneself out (separable): work much harder than normal or than what is expected.
"We completed the project on timebecause of Chuck. He knocked himself out to be sure we didn't miss the deadline."

lay off (separable): dismiss someone from a job because of lack of work or money (not because of poor performance)
"I feel really sorry Sally's family. Her father was laid off yesterday."

leave out (separable): forget; omit.
"Oh, no! When I made the list of those who attended the meeting, I left your name out!"

let down (separable): disappoint.
"I know I let you down when I didn't do what I promised. I'm really sorry."

let up (no object): become less intense or slower.
"It's been raining hard for a long time. Will it ever let up?"

look back on (inseparable): remember; reflect on / consider something in the past.
"When they looked back on their many years together, they realized that their marriage had been a very happy one."

look down on (inseparable): hold in contempt; regard as inferior.
"It's not surprising that Fred has few friends. He seems to look down on anyone who doesn't like the same things that he does."

look forward to (inseparable): anticipate pleasantly; think about a pleasant thing before it happens
"I'm really looking forward to vacation. I can't wait for it to begin!"

look in on (inseparable): visit in order to check something's / someone's condition.
"My father just came home from the hospital. I plan to look in on him today after I finish work."

look into (inseparable): investigate / get more details about something.
"Someone said there was a meeting at 9:30 but I haven't heard anything about it. Shall I look into it?"

look like (inseparable): resemble (in appearance).
"Does he look like his father or his mother?"

look over (separable): check; review.
"I think I may have some typos in this report. Could you look it over?"

look up (1. separable): find something in a reference work.
"I'm sorry, but I don't know what that word means. I'll have to look it up."

look up (2. separable): find where someone lives or works and visit him/her.
"Thanks for giving me your brother's address. When I'm in Chicago next month, I'll be sure to look him up."

look up to (inseparable): respect.
"Everyone looks up to Joyce because she always makes time to help others."

luck out (no object): be unexpectedly lucky.
"Gloria was worried because she wasn't prepared to give a report at the meeting, but she lucked out because the meeting was postponed."

make fun of (inseparable): make jokes about (usually unkindly).
"I agree that Bob looks ridiculous since he shaved his head, but don't make fun of him. You'll hurt his feelings."

make up (1. separable): invent / create (imaginary) information.
"Judy's story is hard to believe. I'm sure she made it up."

make up (2. separable): compensate for something missed or not done by doing extra or equivalent work.
"I'm sorry I missed the test. May I make it up?"

make up (with) (3. inseparable): re-establish a friendly relationship by admitting guilt.
"Jack and his girlfriend were very angry with each other, but last night they finally made up."
"Jack and his girlfriend were very angry with each other, but last night they finally made up with each other."

make out (separable): see / hear something well enough to understand what it means. (Note: often negative.) "Ruth's writing is very small. I almost need a magnify glass to make it out."
"What were the last two examples that he gave? I couldn't make them out."
make for (1. inseparable): go to or toward.
"Her teen-aged children are always hungry. As soon as they arrive home from school, they make for the refrigerator."
make for (2. inseparable): result in; cause.
"Many hands make for light work. (If many people work together, there's less work for everyone.)"
mark up (separable): increase the price (for resale).
"Mrs. White's import shop is profitable because she buys things inexpensively and then marks them up."

mark down (separable): reduce the price (as an incentive to buy).
"These shoes were really a bargain! The store marked them down by 40%!"

mix up (separable): cause to become confused.
"I didn't complete the assignment because I didn't know how. The directions mixed me up."

nod off (no object): fall sleep (usually unintentionally).
"The speech was so boring that several people in the audience nodded off before it was finished."

pan out (no object): succeed; happen as expected (for plans). (Note: almost always negative when in statements.)
"I'll be here next week after all. My trip to Chicago didn't pan out."

pass away (no object): die.
"I was very sorry to hear that your grandfather passed away."

pass out (1. no object): faint; lose consciousness.
"When Ella heard that she'd won a million dollars, she was so shocked that she passed out."

pass out (2. separable): distribute.
"Everyone in the room needs one of these information sheets. Who will help me pass them out?"

pick out (separable): choose; select.
"Billy's grandmother especially liked her birthday card because Billy had picked it out himself."

pick up (1. separable): lift; take up.
"Those books don't belong on the floor. Will you help me pick them up?"

pick up (2. separable): arrange to meet someone and give her/him a ride.
"Of course we can go there together. What time should I pick you up?"

pick up (3. separable): get; buy.
"The children just drank the last of the milk. Could you pick some more up on your way home this evening?"

pick up (4. separable): refresh; revitalize.
"He was feeling a little tired, so he drank a glass of orange juice. It picked him up enough to finish his work."

pick on (inseparable): bully; intentionally try to make someone upset.
"You should be ashamed of teasing your little brother, Bob! Pick on someone your own size!"

pitch in (no object): help; join together to accomplish something.
"We'll be finished soon if everyone pitches in."

pull over (no object): drive a vehicle to the side of the rode.
"When the policeman indicated that I should pull over, I knew he was going to give me a ticket."

put away (separable): return something to the proper place.
"I just took these clothes out of the dryer. Will you help me put them away?"

put off (1. separable): postpone; delay; avoid
"I can't put this work off any longer. If I don't do it soon, it'll be impossible to finish it in time."
"When will Mr. Smith agree to a meeting? I keep asking for an appointment, but he keeps putting me off."

put on (1. separable): begin to wear; don.
"It's a little bit chilly outside. You'd better put a sweater on."

put on (2. separable): try to make someone believe something that is ridiculous or untrue.
"Don't believe a word of what Jim was saying. He was just putting us on."

put (someone) out (separable): inconvenience someone.
"I hate to put you out, but I need a ride to the train station and hope you can take me."

put up (1. separable): return something to the proper place.
"Your toys are all over the floor, Timmy. Please put them up."

put up (2. separable): provide someone with a place to sleep.
"There's no need for you to check into a hotel. I'll be happy to put you up."

put up with (inseparable): tolerate.
"It's really important to come to work on time. The boss won't put up with tardiness."

put back (separable): return something to the proper place.
"I've finished with these books. Do you want me to put them back on the shelves?"

rip off (separable): cheat; take advantage of; charge too much.
"Don't even think about buying a car there. They'll rip you off."

round off (separable): change from a fraction to the nearest whole number.
"Round all prices off to the closest whole-dollar amounts. For example, round $33.73 off to $34.00."

run into (inseparable): meet by chance.
"Yesterday at the supermarket, Jan ran into her former roommate. Before yesterday, they hadn't seen each other for nearly five years."

run out of (inseparable): use the last of.
"On the way home from work, Art ran out of gas."

set up (separable): make arrangements for something.
"You'll see Mr. Thomas tomorrow. I've set a meeting up for 9:30 AM."

set back (1. separable): cause a delay in scheduling.
"We've had some problems with the project that have set us back at least two days . We'll give you a progress report tomorrow."

set back (2. separable): cost.
"I wonder how much Bill's new car set him back?"

slip up (no object): make a mistake.
"You slipped up here. The amount should be $135.28, not $132.58."

stand out (no object): be noticeably better than other similar people or things.
"Good job, Ann! Your work really stands out!"

stand up (1. no object): rise to a standing position.
"When the Chairperson entered the room, everyone stood up."

stand up (2. separable): make a date but not keep it.
"Angela was supposed to go to the dance with Fred, but she stood him up and went with Chuck instead."

show up (1. no object): arrive; appear.
"The boss was very upset when you didn't show up for the meeting. What happened?"

show up (2. separable): do a noticeably better job (often unexpectedly) than someone else.
"Everyone thought Marsha would win, but Jean did. Actually, Jean really showed Marsha up."

stand for (1. no object): represent.
"These letters seem to be an abbreviation. Do you know what they stand for?"

stand for (2. inseparable): tolerate; permit (usually negative).
"I'm not surprised that Mrs. Johnson rejected your report. She won't stand for shoddy work."

take after (inseparable): resemble; favor (in appearance).
Note: used for people.
"Both my sister and I take after our father."

take / bring back (separable): return.
"This book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to the library."
"Yes, you can borrow my pen, but don't forget to bring it back to me when you're finished."

take care of (1. inseparable): provide care for; watch one's health.
"Lois has been taking care of her father since he returned home from the hospital."
"You've been working too hard lately. You'd better take care of yourself!"

take care of (2. ineparable): make arrangements (for something to happen); take responsibility for.
"Will you take care of making reservations for our flight to Boston?"

take off (1. separable): remove (something you're wearing).
"Please take your hat off when you go inside a building."

take off (2. no object): leave; depart (often suddenly or quickly).
"Was something wrong with Jill? She took off without saying goodbye."
"When does your plane take off?"

take off (3. separable): make arrangements to be absent from work.
"Susan isn't here today. She's taking today and tomorrow off."

take up (separable): begin (a hobby or leisure-time activity).
A: "Do you like to ski?"B: "I've never been skiing, but I think I'd like to take it up."

tell (someone) off (separable): speak to someone bluntly and negatively, saying exactly what she/he did wrong.
"Julie was really angry at Bob; she told him off in front of all of us."
tick off (1. separable): irritate someone; make someone upset or angry.
"It really ticks her off when someone is late for an appointment."
tick off (2. separable): show that something has been completed by putting a tick (check) beside it.
"Here are the things you need to do. Tick each one off when you finish it."
throw away (separable): discard; put in the garbage.
"You shouldn't throw those newspapers away; they're recyclable."

throw out (1. separable): discard; put in the garbage.
"This food smells bad. You'd better throw it out."
throw out (2. separable): forcibly make someone leave (usually because of bad behavior).
"Those people are drunk and making everyone uncomfortable. The manager should throw them out."
throw up (usually no object; with an object, separable): vomit.
"Paul was so nervous about his job interview that he threw up just before he left for it."

try on (separable): wear something briefly to check its fit, how it looks, etc.
"I'm not sure that jacket is large enough. May I try it on?"

try out (separable): use a machine briefly to determine how well it works.
"I really like the way this car looks. May I try it out?"

try out (for) (inseparable): try to win a place on a team or other organization.
"I know you want to be on the football team. Are you going to try out?"
"If you like to sing, you should try out for the choir.

turn around (1. usually no object): move so that you are facing the opposite direction.
"Everyone turned around and stared when I entered the meeting late."

turn around (2. separable): move so that someone / something is facing the opposite direction.
"I don't want this chair facing the window. Will you help me turn it around?"

turn around (3. separable): make changes so that something that was unprofitable is profitable.
"The company was doing poorly until it hired a new president. He turned it around in about six months and now it's doing quite well."

turn down (1. separable): decrease the volume.
"Your music is giving me a headache! Please turn it down or use your headphones!"

turn down (2. separable): refuse.
"I thought I could borrow some money from Joe, but when I asked, he turned me down."

turn in (1. separable): give / deliver / submit to someone.
"I've written my report, but I haven't turned it in."

turn in (2. no object): go to bed.
"I'm pretty tired. I guess I'll turn in."

turn in (3. separable): report or deliver wrongdoers to the authorities.
"Two days after the robbery, the thieves turned themselves in."

turn off (1. separable): stop by turning a handle or switch.
"I'm cold. Do you mind if I turn the air conditioner off?"

turn off (2. separable): bore; repel (very informal).
"That music turns me off. Please play something else!"

turn on (1. separable): start by turning a handle or switch.
"It's cold in here. I'm going to turn the heater on"

turn on (2. separable): interest very much; excite (very informal).
"What kind of music turns you on?"

turn up (1. separable): increase the volume.
"I can barely hear the TV. Can you turn it up a little?"

turn up (2. no object): appear unexpectedly.
"We were all surprised when Pam turned up at the party. We didn't even know she was in town."

wait on (1. inseparable): serve (usually customers in a restaurant, shop, etc.)
"I want to make a complaint. The person who just waited on me was very impolite."

wait for (inseparable): wait until someone / something arrives or is finished with something else.
"When will Kenny be finished with work? I've been waiting for him for almost an hour!"
"I'm tired of waiting for the bus. I guess I'll take a taxi instead."

wake up (1. no object): stop sleeping.
"I usually wake up around 5:00 AM each day."

wake up (2. separable): rouse someone; cause someone to stop sleeping.
"I have an important meeting tomorrow and I'm afraid I won't hear my alarm. Will you wake me up at 6:00 AM?"

watch out for (inseparable): be careful of; beware of.
"There's a school at the end of this block. Watch out for children crossing the street."
"If you take that road, watch out for ice during the winter."

wear out (1. separable): wear something / use something until it can no longer be worn / be used.
"I need a new pencil sharpener. I wore this one out."
"I suppose I should get some new shoes. I've almost worn this pair out."

wear out (2. separable): cause to become exhausted; cause to become very tired.
"I had four different meetings today. They wore me out."
"I suppose I should get some new shoes. I've almost worn this pair out."

work out (1. no object): exercise (usually in a gym, etc.) to build muscles, body tone, etc.
"Instead of eating lunch on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, Sheila goes to the recreation center to work out."
work out (2. separable): solve a problem / resolve a difficult situation (usually by working together).
"I know we disagree on many points, but I believe we can work things out."

wrap up (1. no object): wear enough clothes to keep warm.
"It's really cold today. Be sure you wrap up when you leave the house."
wrap up (2. separable): finish something; bring something to a conclusion.
"We've been talking about the problem for nearly three hours. I hope we'll be able to wrap the discussion up soon."

write down (separable): record something in writing.
"Could you tell me your e-mail address again? I want to write it down."

write up (separable): record; report in writing.
"You'll need to make a report on your business meetings. Be sure you write them up as soon as possible after you return from your trip."

zonk out (no object): fall asleep quickly because of exhaustion.
"I intended to go shopping after work, but I was so tired that I zonked out as soon as I g ot home."

Reading - 101 Romantic Ideas

Many have asked for free reading in my site and for this reading I will start a new reading section.
We are in the month of love and you might need some ideas to make your special person feel loved.
If you have any questions about new vocabulary send me a comment. Enjoy !! (if you can't see the applet or window refresh the page)

Read this doc on Scribd: 101 Romantic Ideas

Correct use of the infinitive or gerund. Uso corecto del infinitivo o gerundio

Use of the infinitive with to (e.g to play) and Use of the gerund (-ing form)

The most important rule is to learn the following list. We use infinitive with to or gerinds after some verbs. These verbs are put into the following groups.

*NOTE: some verbs might be missing (algunos verbos pueden faltar) These are the most common and popular . Algunos verbos pueden estar en otros grupos.

Verbs Followed by an Infinitive

She decided to leave work early

agree / aim / appear / arrange / ask / attempt / be able
beg / begin /care /choose /condescend /consent /continue
dare /decide /deserve /detest/dislike/expect /fail /forget
get/happen /have /hesitate /hope /hurry /intend /leap
leave/like /long /love /mean /neglect /offer /ought /plan
prefer/prepare /proceed /promise /propose /refuse /remember
say /shoot /start /stop /strive /swear /threaten /try
use /wait/want /wish /

Verbs Followed by an Object and an Infinitive

I always allow my daughter to watch TV at night.

advise/allow /ask /beg /bring /build /buy /challenge /choose /command
dare/direct /encourage /expect /forbid /force /have /hire /instruct /invite
lead /leave/let /like /love /motivate /order /pay /permit /persuade
prepare /promise /remind /require /send /teach /tell
urge /want /warn

Verbs Followed by a Gerund

They enjoyed working on the boat.

admit/advise /appreciate /avoid /can't help /complete /consider
delay /deny /detest /dislike /enjoy /escape /excuse
finish /forbid /get through /have /imagine /mind
miss /permit /postpone /practice /quit /recall /report
resent /resist /resume /risk /spend (time) /suggest /tolerate /waste (time)

Verbs Followed by a Preposition and a Gerund

We concentrated on doing well.

admit to /approve of /argue about /believe in /care about
complain about /concentrate on /confess to /depend on
disapprove of /discourage from /dream about /feel like
forget about /insist on /object to /plan on
prevent (someone) from /refrain from /succeed in /talk about
think about /worry about

The folowing can be followed by the infinitive or gerund form:

can afford / can't bear / begin
cease/commence/ continue
dread / hate / like
loathe /love / neglect
prefer/ propose /(can't) stand
start / undertake

Examples: I started studying English = I started to study English

Other rules

Use Infinitive (with to)

- After adjectives; It is very nice to see you

- To show purpose (to say why you do something);

Examples: I went to the disco to have fun

Use gerunds (-ing form)

- As the subject of the sentence; Drinking too much alchohol is bad for your health.

- After prepositions; He talked to Maria about going to a bar.

Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing

Many adjectives that are formed with past participles (e.g. interested) describe a feeling or state.

- I'm bored = I feel there is nothing that interests me at the moment.

Many Adjectives formed from present participles (e.g interesting) describe the person, thing or topic which produces the feeling.

- I'm boring = I'm a very uninteresting person.

Common -ed and -ing adjectives:

- shocked / shocking
- worried / worrying
- surprised / surprising
- embarrassed / embarrassing
- annoyed / annoying
- interested / interesting
- exited / exiting
- thrilled / thrilling
- amused / amusing

>>>>Complete list with exercises<<<<<


-ed adjectives are used for the person who has the feeling. In other words, a boring person makes us feel bored.

- ing adjectives are used for a thing (or person) that causes the feeling.

Complete the sentences with adjectives ending in -ed or -ing.

1) Classical music is _________ (bore)
2) Miguel is very ________ (excite) because he is going to get married soon.
3) It's so ____________ (embarrass) to listen to my brother sing.
4) I feel _________ (relax) when I listen to jazz.
5) That is a __________ (depress) song!

optional: write your answers in the comments and I will correct it

¿Cual es mi nivel de ingles? English Assesment / Placement Test

What is your English Level?

To first start studying one has to have an idea on what level one is in. Are you in elementary / beginner, intermediate , or advanced?

I have gathered some tests on the internet that will let you know what level you are in.

Es importante saber en que nivel uno esta en ingles. Muchos alumnos creen que el nivel de su ingles depende de hasta donde han estudiado en algún instituto.
Sin embargo, hay muchos alumnos que han llegado a un nivel intermedio pero con un nivel real de básico. Por eso es que he reunido algunos links que son examenes para ver en que nivel uno esta. E
sto le dará una mejor idea de su verdadero nivel de ingles.

Placement or Assessment English tests (LINKS)

- Complete Vancouver English Centre placement test (Very Complete)

- Short test that evaluates your level from elementary to advanced

- Test that will give you an idea of your level in English

- Quick Oxford University assessment test

- Short test from de St. Giles College

- Test de nivel de ingles

These are focused on grammar and some may include reading. Remember that a complete evaluation should include listening, conversation, vocabulary and writing. These test will give you an idea of what level you are.

Es importante recalcar que estos test ayudan mucho a ver el nivel pero que básicamente se basa en gramática, estructura, un poco de reading y vocabulario. Es decir, writing y listening no están evaluados.
Aun asi son muy buenos para quieres no tienen idea en que nivel están.

Correct use of : because, because of, so, but and although

Because / because of

We use these to express a reason.

We use because before a clause (a sentence subject verb and complement).
Use because of when you put the noun after the reason.

I went to sleep because I was tired.

[Use because and NOT because of >> it is followed by a sentence I (Subject) was (verb) tired (complement)]

I had to go early to the office because of the meeting

[Use because of >> it is followed by a noun (meeting)]

-Maria left the party because she was feeling sick.
-Carlos couldn't play because of his injury (lesion).
-I didn't pass the test because I didn't study.
-I feel so sad because of his death.

NOTA: Se usa el because y because of para expresar razones. Muchas veces la traducción es porque pero también puede ser por. Cuando es "por" tienen que tener cuidado de no usar el "for". Veamos este ejemplo,

No pude dormir por el ruido.

En este caso se entiende que la razón por la cual no durmió fue a causa de la lluvia. Entonces es una razón y no se usa el "for" sino el because of. Se usa este y no es "because" porque no le sigue una oración sino solo un sustantivo.

I couldn't sleep because of the rain.

Recuerden que se utiliza el "because" cuando a este le siga una oración.

I didn't dance because I was sad. >>>> No pude bailar porque estaba cansado.

Acá se utiliza el "because" pues le sigue la oración (clause) I was sad.


It is used to express result. (so: entonces, por ende, por lo tanto)

I was tired so I went to bed.
My favorite soccer team was playing bad so they lost.
I couldn't sleep so I took some pills.
There wasn't any food so we went out to eat.

But / Although

Use but and although to show contrast. Although can be used at the beginning of the sentence


Juan studied all night. He didn't pass the test. (There is contrast)

Juan studied all night but he didn't pass the test.
Although Juan studied all night, he didn't pass the test.

- I went to the party but didn't dance.
- Although it was very cold, we had a great time.
- My father went to the supermarket but it was closed.

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