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Entrevistas de trabajo en Ingles, guia y preguntas comunes (Interview Questions)

Pautas para una entrevista de trabajo en ingles

Una de las cosas más importantes a recordar sobre cualquier entrevista de trabajo es que su objetivo principal es tener en cuenta un intercambio de la información entre ambas partes (aspirante y compañía) Como el aspirante, usted desea impresionar al empleador con un buen fondo es decir, educación, las posiciones de trabajo, y labores extra-curriculares anteriores.

Su resumen les habrá dado una cierta indicación de cómo que tan bien usted esta preparado. Durante la entrevista usted espera que esto amplíe y pueda demostrar habilidades fuertes de la comunicación. Se espera que sus habilidades de la comunicación (oral, escrito y non-verbal) sean evaluadas de cerca y sean practicadas bien. Otras habilidades críticas a la posicion también serán evaluadas, así que se cerciore usted haber hecho la investigación sobre la posición y las necesidades de la organización

Common Interview Questions

Questions about you:

    • Tell me about yourself?

    • How do/would your friends describe you?

    • What is the most interesting thing you've done in the past three years?

    • What do you want me to know about you that isn't on your résumé?

    • Tell me about an interesting article you recently read in the newspaper.

    • What’s the last non-school related book you read? What did you learn from this book?

    • What kinds of tasks and responsibilities motivate you the most?

    • Why should I hire you and not the next candidate who walks in the door?

    • Do you prefer to work with others or on your own?

    • What is your greatest strength? Weakness?

Questions about your qualifications:

    • Why do you want to work here? Why should I hire you?

    • Do you have the skills to work in this position/company?

    • What specific skills have you acquired or used in previous jobs that related to this position?

    • Tell me about what you learned from your previous jobs and internships.

    • What did you like/dislike about your last job?

    • What is your biggest accomplishment?

    • Describe your leadership/communication/coordinating/etc style?

Questions about your education:

    • Why did you choose to study ___?

    • Describe the course that has had the greatest impact on your thinking.

    • What courses did you enjoy the most? Least?

    • Tell me about your extracurricular activities during school. What do you believe you have gained from these experiences?

Questions about your understanding of the job/company:
    • What do you know about our company? Position?

    • Why did you apply to our organization?

    • What interests/impresses you about this organization?

    • What criteria are you using to evaluate the organization for which you hope to work?

    • What can you tell us about our company?

    • What do you think of our organizational structure?

    • Who else are you interviewing with? What do you think of those organizations?

    • Are you seeking employment in a company of a certain size? Why?

    • Do you have a geographic preference?

Other questions:
    • What are your salary expectations for this position?

    • Where do you see yourself in ___ years?


Behavioural-based Interview Questions

Assertiveness:

    • Tell me about a time when you were able to express your opinions maturely in spite of disagreements or objections.

    • Give me an example of a time when you had to be assertive in giving directions to others.

    • Tell me about a time when you successfully expressed your ideas/opinions in a tactful and careful way.

    • Tell me about a time when you were willing to disagree with another person in order to build a positive outcome.

    • Describe a time when you had to sell an idea to our boss, authority figure, or technical expert.

Communication:

    • Tell me about a time when you had to present a proposal/idea to a person in authority and were able to do this successfully.

    • Tell me about a situation where you had to be persuasive and sell your idea to someone else.

    • Tell me about your most successful experience when make a speech or presentation to a group.

    • Tell me about an experience of yours that illustrates your ability to influence another person verbally.

    • Tell me about a specific time when your skill in listening helped you to communicate better.

    • Tell me about the writing experiences you have had that you think will contribute to your ability to do this job well.

Creativity and Innovation:

    • Tell me about a situation in which you were able to find a new and better way of doing something significant.

    • Tell me about a time when you were creative in solving a problem.

    • Describe a time when you were able to come up with new ideas that were key to the success of some activity or project.

    • Tell me about a time when you had to bring out the creativity in others.

    • Give me an example of a time when you came up with a unique and novel solution to a common problem.

Customer Service:

    • Tell me about a time when you had to deal with an irate customer.

    • Tell me about one or two customer-service related programs that you've done that you're particularly proud of.

    • Tell me about a time when you made a lasting, positive impression on a customer.

Decision Making:

    • Describe for me a time when you had to make an important decision with limited facts.

    • Tell me about a time when you were forced to make an unpopular decision.

    • Describe for me a time when you had to adapt to a difficult situation. What did you do?

    • Tell me about a time when you made a bad decision

    • Tell me about a time when you resisted the temptation to “jump to conclusions” and thoroughly obtained all facts associated with a problem before coming to a solution.

    • Give me an example of how you reached a practical business decision by an organized review of the facts and weighing of options.

Delegation:

    • Tell me about a time when you delegated a project effectively.

    • Tell me about a time when you did a poor job of delegating.

    • Describe for me a time when you had to delegate to a person with a full workload, and how you went about doing it.

Energizing:

    • Give me an example of a time when your positive attitude caused others to be motivated or energized.

    • Tell me about a time when your ability to reward and encourage others created positive motivation.

    • Tell me about a time when you successfully used competition as a means of encouraging others to work hard.

    • Describe a time when you were able to use recognition to create positive energy in another person.

Goal Setting:

    • Tell me about the most important time in your work history when you successfully prioritized your goals.

    • Tell me about a time when you took the initiative to set goals and objectives even though you were not prompted or directed by others to do so.

    • Give me an example of a time when you used a systematic process to define your objectives. What type of system did you use? What payoff did you get from using the process?

Initiative and Follow-through:

    • Give me an example of a situation where you had to overcome major obstacles to achieve your objectives.

    • Tell me about a goal that you set that took a long time to achieve or that you are still working towards.

    • Tell me about a time when you won (or lost) an important contract.

    • Tell me about a time when you used your political savvy to push a program through that you really believed in.

    • Tell me about a situation that you had significant impact on because of your follow-through.

Integrity:

    • Tell me about a time when you were able to change in order to meet the needs of others.

    • Tell me about a time when you felt it necessary to compromise your own immediate interests in order to be socially flexible and tolerant of another person’s needs.

    • Even more difficult than dealing with a difficult person is being of service to a difficult person. Tell me about a time when you have been successful with this type of situation at work.

    • Tell me about a time when you were asked to compromise your integrity.

    • Describe a time when you had to bend the rules in order to be successful or accomplish a goal.

Leadership:

    • Describe a work situation where your ability to set a positive example served as a model to others.

    • Give me an example of the greatest success you ever had in the use of delegation.

    • Describe for me a time when you may have been disappointed in your behavior.

    • Tell me about a time when you had to discipline or fire a colleague.

    • Tell me about a time when you've had to develop leaders under you.

    • Tell me about a time when you made an unpopular decision. Did it prove to be the correct one?


Organization and Planning:

    • Give me an example of any time management techniques you have learned and applied at work.

    • Tell me what you have done with such tools as flow charts, production schedule, filing systems, or any other tools to help you implement a plan.

    • Tell me about how you used realistic schedules and timetables to generate a plan leading to a specific goal.

Priority Setting:

    • Tell me about a time when you had to balance competing priorities and did so successfully.

    • Tell me about a time when you had to pick out the most important things in some activity and make sure those got done.

    • Tell me about a time that you prioritized the elements of a complicated project.

    • Tell me about a time when you got bogged down in the details of a project.

Team Building:

    • Tell me about a time when you had your biggest success in building a team spirit.

    • Tell me about a time when you contributed to a working group’s ability to direct itself by building group standards for performance.

    • Describe a time when you used the technique of collecting suggestions to build team commitment.

    • Give me an example of a time when you confronted a negative attitude successfully with the result of building teamwork and morale.

Thinking and Problem Solving:
    • Tell me about a time when you had to analyze facts quickly, define key issues, and respond immediately or develop a plan that produced good results.

    • Describe for me a situation where you may have missed an obvious solution to a problem.

    • Tell me about a time when you anticipated potential problems and developed preventative measures.

    • Tell me about a time when you used your analytical skills to identify potential problems at work

    • Tell me about a time when you surmounted a major obstacle.

Working Effectively with Others:

    • Give me an example that would show that you've been able to develop and maintain productive relations with others, though there were differing points of view.

    • Tell me about a time when you were able to motivate others to get the desired results.

    • Tell me about a difficult situation with a co-worker, and how you handled it.

    • Tell me about a time when you played an integral role in getting a team (or work group) back on track.


Case Interview Questions

Brainteasers:

    • Why are manhole covers round?

    • You have a 5-gallon jug and a 3-gallon jug. You must obtain exactly 4 gallons of water. How will you do it?

    • Without writing anything or using any calculating device, tell me if there are more 2s or 8s to be found in all of the numbers from 1 to 50,000.

    • A little girl is in Alberta, & her mother is in Ontario. The little girl is in an accident, & has to be rushed to a nearby hospital. The little girl is the daughter of the nurse who assists her. How is this possible?

Guesstimates:

    • How many tennis balls fit into a Metro car?

    • How many convenience stores are there on the Island of Montreal?

    • How many people travel back and forth from Montreal to Toronto each day?

    • How many paper cups does Tim Horton’s use each year?

Business Cases:

    • You’ve just invented a process that allows people to become invisible, is there a market for this product?

    • Your client, a maple syrup producer, wants to begin exporting their product into Europe. How would you advise them?

    • Donald Trump is considering buying the Montreal casino. What should he consider when evaluating this deal? How much should he be willing to spend?

    • Should the Coca-Cola Company acquire Couche Tard?

Some common questions you may want to consider asking include: (preguntas que ustedes podrian hacerle al empleador)


  • What are you looking for in the person who will fill this job?

  • What areas need the immediate attention of the person you hire?

  • What skills are most valuable in this job?

  • What activities could I engage in now that might help me on the job if I'm hired?

  • What are your plans for new products or services?

  • How would you define your organization's management philosophy?

  • What kind of training would I receive?

  • How do the duties change once the training program has been completed?

  • What is the retention rate for people who have been in this training program after one year? After two years?

  • How is one evaluated both formally and informally?

  • Will a graduate degree be required in order to enhance my promotional opportunities after several years?

What to do before an interview? (Tips para tener encuenta antes de la entrevista)


try to get all pertinent data during phone call

  • Have clear in mind the names and titles of those interviewing you and their relationship to the position you are applying for

  • Get critical information like: Location, time, type and duration of interview

  • Phone number and name of person to contact if a problem arises and you must reschedule or be late for the interview


your research on the position, company and industry

  • Review all company and the position data; learn and know more about the industry and the company’s major competitors.

  • Keep copies of the job postings and descriptions you have applied to for reference or preparation


know the culture of the company

  • Try to start formal and then acclimatize yourself to the culture

  • try to read company literature, brochures, or newsletters.


pack properly (no lleves demasiadas cosas)

  • No backpacks or big bulky purses. Remember that your image should be that of a professional and not a student.

  • Your briefcase or portfolio should include (cosas que tienes que llevar):

    • Paper (spiral pad) and pen/pencil

    • Copy of job description, resumé, cover letter, list of references

    • Address, directions, telephone number and name of contact

    • Name of person/people you will be meeting

    • Business cards

    • Change for parking meter, breath mints, tissues

    • Shoes in a bag (weather dependent)

follow business etiquette
  • Your handshake should be firm.

  • In the initial meeting, let the interviewer offer their hand first; after the interview, offer your hand first to show you are thankful that they took the time to meet with you

  • Let the interviewer take you to your seat because you are their guest

  • No slouching in chair (do not sit in an uneducated way) sit with the base of your back touching the back of the chair

  • Turn off any pagers and cell phones.

  • Behave professionally with everyone you encounter.

  • Ask for business cards so that you have the proper spelling and title of each person who has interviewed you


remember that communication is very important

  • Speak to express and not to impress – using vocabulary that you feel comfortable with and do not try to use “special” words

  • Avoid using slangs (nada de jergas)

  • Non-verbal communication may be evaluated. Remember that your body also sends messages so be careful of your body position.

  • Keep good eye contact, but don’t stare


arrive 15 minutes early and never get to the interview late

  • Announce yourself to receptionist

  • Be sure you know where the company is and that you are aware if there is any traffic. There should be NO EXCUSES for you being late.

    Sleep well before the interview

Muchas gracias a gogo de scribd.com por los datos para este post (Reference www.scribd.com)



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