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Commands orders and requests with imperative sentences

Giving orders and making petitions in English with the Imperative statements
(dar ordenes o hacer peticiones con la forma imperativa en ingles)


An imperative statement is when one person orders another to do something. The logical subject is you but we do not have to mention it.

When a sentence finishes in (.) it can be of 2 forms
  • A Declarative sentence: states an idea. It does not give a command or request, nor does it ask a question. A declarative sentence ends in a period
Example:
Mary is a great teacher.
My father went fishing yesterday.

  • An Imperative sentence: Imperative sentences are used in issuing orders or directives:
Examples:
Leave your coat in the hall
Give me your phone number
Don't shut the door
Stop!
The structure of the infinitive is very simple. We just use the infinitive of the verb and for negatives we add the don't.

Example verb (to bring)

Bring me a cup a coffee. (Order/command)
Don't bring me anything. (Negative order/command)
Please, bring me some coffee / Bring me some coffee please (Petition/ Request)

Nota:

Entonces, cuando una oracion termina en punto (.) puede ser de estas dos formas. En la forma declarative se necesita del SUJETO.


I live in Paris ( S + V + C)

En el imperativo se sobre entiende que el sujeto es "you" y no es necesario ponerlo. El verbo va en su forma infinitiva sin conjugar.

-Open the door / Close the window

En negative solo se agrega el don't

-Don't come late / Don't drive too fast.

Es possible agregar el please al comienzo o al final para hacer un peticion y no una orden.

-Please, bring me my glasses / Don't talk with Tony please.

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