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Present Simple (Action verbs negative and questions)

A verb can have two forms in positive (play/plays). In negative and question the form is only the simple form (play) because of the AUXILIARIES.

Auxiliaries (Do / Does --- don't / doesn't)
Do and does for questions and don't and doesn't for negatives.

Recuerden que auxiliares ayudaran al verbo; es decir, el verbo no se conjugara cuando esten los auxiliares.

Negative form:

He / She / It --- doesn't (does + not) + verb in simple form {play}
I / We / You / They ---- don't (do + not) + verb in simple form {run}

* Como vemos, el verbo no se conjuga pero el "auxiliary" si

(+) I live in Surco -------------------- (-) I don't live in Lima
(+) Gianina works in Paris ----------- (-) She doesn't work in Italy
(+)My Parents study French -------- (-) They don't study Spanish

* Si tenemos, " Mi hermana no quiere pizza" Entonces como se dice querer en ingles? => to want
entonces => My sister doesn't want pizza.

Question form:

In question forms (in present tense) we use the auxiliaries DO and DOES

Does (he/she/it) simple form {work} all day?
Do (you/they/I) simple form {play} the guitar?

(+) I live in Surco -------------------- (-) Do you live in Surco?
(+) Gianina cooks well --------------- (-) Does Gianina cook well?
(+) My brothers play chess---------- (-) Do they play chess?

Also we can put a Question Word before the auxiliary. This gives us the following order:

QW + [ A + S+ V] + C
Where do you work?
When does Carlos come from work?
How many students does Miguel have?
When do you have a shower?

When do we use Present Simple?

To describe repeated actions or habits : I get up at seven every morning

To talk about things that are always or generally true : The sun sets in the west

To describe a permanent situation or a condition with no definite start or finish but which is true now : We live in London

With adverbs of frequency such as always, usually, … She often studies in the library

With time expressions such as every day/ week/ year, in the morning/ afternoon/ evening and at night: I go to the gym once a week

To express future meaning with actions and events that are part of a fixed timetable: The train leaves at 8’30

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